PARIS, May 29, 2018 (AFP) : Four senior Libyan leaders committed at a
Paris peace conference Tuesday to holding elections in the fractured and war-
wracked country on December 10, a joint statement said.
“The parties have committed to set the constitutional basis for elections
and adopt the necessary electoral laws by September 16, 2018, and hold
parliamentary and presidential elections on December 10, 2018,” it said.
French President Emmanuel Macron, who hosted the conference, has been
pushing the rival Libyans and other representatives from regional powers to
agree a political roadmap to stabilise the oil-rich north African state.
The Libyan signatories were Prime Minister Fayez al-Sarraj, head of the UN-
backed unity government in Tripoli, and 75-year-old military strongman
Khalifa Haftar, whose rival Libyan National Army dominates the country’s
Aguila Saleh Issa, the parliament speaker based in the eastern city of
Tobruk who opposes the UN-backed administration, as well as Khalid Al-Mishri,
the newly-elected head of the High Council of State, also signed the
statement after around four hours of talks in Paris.
Posing for a group photo, Macron asked his guests to verbally commit to the
agreement — which they did.
“So we are all working on this common basis, bravo!” he said.
Some diplomats and analysts have voiced doubt whether the country, which is
swamped by weapons and controlled by a patchwork of political groups and
armed militias, will be able to hold elections.
Some countries, such as former colonial power Italy, had previously argued
that Libya needed to agree on a new constitution before holding elections.
“Libyan leaders commit to accept the results of elections, and ensure
appropriate funds and strong security arrangements are in place,” the joint
They also agreed “to improve the atmosphere for national elections” by
measures such as “phasing out parallel government and institutions” and
working to unify the Libyan Central Bank.
Years of mediation by the United Nations, as well as Italy, have failed to
bring stability to the north African nation after it descended into chaos
following the ousting of dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011.
“It went well. Afterwards, it depends on the implementation,” one diplomat
said on the sidelines of the talks on condition of anonymity.
Representatives from 20 countries including Egypt, Russia, the United Arab
Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Turkey attended, as well as
neighbours Algeria and Tunisia.
Militias from the Libyan city of Misrata boycotted the proceedings in
Paris, however, leaving western Libya under-represented at the talks.